In a vast country like ours, every season brings with it some challenges. People were struggling with the heat, and a few even died from the heat wave, a few weeks back. People across the country were praying for rain, and finally, the Monsoon hit Kerala around 6th Jun or so and started traveling across the country. As expected, though, Monsoon brought with it, its own set of problems; we have heard of building collapses, overflowing roads, schools closing down and of course the outbreak of diseases like viral fever, Dengue, Chikungunya, etc.
Many parts of the country are reporting cases of these, and the healthcare personnel is busy attending to these and creating awareness among people. While the viral fever is caused by viruses and will take a week or so, to get over, Dengue and Chikungunya are not so easy to handle. They need to be diagnosed early and also treated with care, for people to recover from it. The worst affected by this, are the seniors, as they may be down on immunity already, and these diseases will put them down for a more extended period than it does the younger lot.
Know the disease
Dengue and Chikungunya are both caused by mosquito bites; hence, one needs to make sure that there is no stagnant water accumulation around the vicinity. These are breeding grounds for mosquito, and the disease spreads easily (through mosquito bites) as well. Hence, one needs to make sure that there is no scope for mosquitoes to breed.
Dengue is also a viral disease, except that mosquito bites induce it. It is caused by bites of the Aedes mosquito that bites during the day. The same Aedes mosquito also causes chikungunya. Some common symptoms are high fever, red patches or rashes on the body, muscle pain for Dengue, joint pain for Chikungunya, headaches, etc. For Dengue, you may also feel a loss of appetite, nausea, etc.
The key is to watch out for the symptoms and monitor the fever. Most viral infections may settle down in a few days. But, if the symptoms do not subside or fever continues, then you may need to go in for a check-up. The doctor may decide on doing a blood test is required to determine what the disease is. Sometimes, it is quite possible that it could still be a viral fever that is troubling more than the usual.
If diagnosed as Dengue or Chikungunya, the doctor will put you a course of necessary drugs. There is a possibility that the platelet count drops, especially in the case of Dengue. This has to be monitored daily; at times, the doctor may admit the patient, or prescribe for a blood test daily, for a few days.
Patients need to rest completely, drink lots of fluids to stay hydrated, and endure to have a high nutrition diet to make up for the loss of nutrition in the body. Water, fruit juices, tender coconut water, electrolytes, or ORS packs can be had at regular intervals. In the case of Dengue, papaya leaves juice can be taken as it has been proven to be highly effective in keeping the platelets count up. Eat more fresh fruits, and green leafy vegetables to keep yourself healthy.
Apart from preventing mosquitoes from breeding, one should also ensure that one does not stay out during the early morning or late evening time when the mosquitoes go around. If you are stepping out, even during the day, it is best to apply some mosquito repellent, on the clothes and the body. You could also ensure that all doors and windows at home are appropriately closed, and mosquitoes do not gain entry. You may also use mosquito repellents at home.
You could also try home natural home remedies like spraying neem oil, eucalyptus oil, lemongrass oil, citronella oil, tea tree oil, mint oil, etc. All these can be sprayed using a diffuser so that the effect is felt around the whole place. Camphor can be used too as it keeps mosquitoes away. To keep your immunity boosted, you could have tea with ginger, and Tulsi.